Other names: /
Latin name: Triceratops horridus
size: up to 9m body length
mass: 8 - 11 tons
Appearance: three horns, massive body, neck plate
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Herbivore (herbivor)
food: Leaves and plants
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitatopen grasslands and sparse forests
natural enemies: unknown
sexual maturity: unknown
mating season: unknown
social behavior: Herd animal
Threatened with extinction: Extinct
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the Triceratops
- Triceratops describes a herbivorous dinosaur, which is counted among the bird Beck dinosaurs or Ornithischia, which inhabited earth in the Upper Cretaceous during the so-called Maastrichtian and extincted 65 million years ago.
- The name Triceratops comes from ancient Greek and translated means three-horned face.
- This name refers to the head shape of this dinosaur species, which is strongly reminiscent of today's rhino.
- Triceratops reached a body length of eight to nine meters and a shoulder height of over three meters. He put a weight of up to twelve tons on the scales.
- At the neck, Triceratops showed a thick and high shield made of horn plates.
- Above his eyes, Triceratops had two large pointed horns on his bulbous skull, up to three meters long, which served as a defense against predators. In addition, his nose was equipped with a much shorter, but equally sharp horn.
- With the horns, the males probably carried during the mating season also fierce fighting for their territory.
- About a quarter of the body length accounted for the long tail.
- The mouth was shaped like a beak and allowed Triceratops to pluck foliage specifically from the branches.
- Triceratops moved on four relatively short and stocky legs.
- Fossil finds suggest that the area of Triceratops spread over today's North America.
- Paleontologist Othniel Charles Marsh described the species for the first time in 1891, based on findings he encountered in Colorado and Denver. To date, only partial skeletons and skulls have been found.
- Finds of remains of many animals in one place suggest that Triceratops lived as herd animals and roamed forests and open landscapes in these groups.
- The massive body made Triceratops barely able to escape from carnivorous dinosaurs. As a well-armored herd animal, he was well protected from attacks.
- Triceratops may not have been very intelligent because his brain was extremely small in size relative to the body.